Trips Agreement Relevance To Agriculture

Developing countries have either voluntarily or under pressure removed their trade barriers, sometimes even eliminated, reduced their tariffs and been forced to open up their economies. On the other hand, the WTO, in particular trips, supports agricultural growth, which is far from sustainable. Patents on organic materials are at the root of autonomy in agriculture and deprive rural and tribal communities of the opportunity to earn a living. The food sources of the poor are threatened, their access to biological resources is cut off, the main support of their subsistence economy being cut off, as companies accuse these resources to stimulate their biotech industry. The share of trade, which is far from increasing and becoming a vehicle for development, has declined. 7The revision of the TRIPS agreements can play an important role in balancing fair trade with justice: if all parties to the negotiations negotiate freely to improve fair trade mechanisms, which of them are sufficiently informed to negotiate fair terms? In other words, are voluntary agreements possible when part of the agenda is hidden or when agendas are intertwined from one international agreement to another? Which player can participate simultaneously in different organizations to be aware of the debates? Which player is able to set the schedule, pace and rules? To what extent can the public good be preserved if fair and clear product labelling is not transparent? Could the interactions between the institutions (the WTO, the biodiversity agreements and the biosecurity protocol, as well as FAO`s commitment to genetic resources) be articulated in a global architecture that would allow actors to act with a clear understanding of each side? The effects of TRIPS in India have been most felt in agriculture and the pharmaceutical industry and have been the subject of controversy. With regard to the first, in particular, the debate on the impact of the TRIPS agreement was on the protection of plant varieties, another form of intellectual property rights, and not on patents. Because the TRIPS allows the exclusion of plant varieties from patents. 25 Conflicts between the TRIPS provisions and the Convention on Biological Diversity are open. Countries focus on Article 27 of the member agreement on the introduction into the WTO of traditional rights or the rights of indigenous and local communities, in accordance with the Convention on Biological Diversity. Traditional recognition of knowledge is now central to negotiations and all benefits from the exploitation of local knowledge must be approved and shared. For example, so-called biopiracy laws have led countries to file claims against industries that patent indigenous resources.